3.OA.B.5
Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply and divide.2 Examples: If 6 _ 4 = 24 is known, then 4 _ 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) 3 _ 5 _ 2 can be found by 3 _ 5 = 15, then 15 _ 2 = 30, or by 5 _ 2 = 10, then 3 _ 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 _ 5 = 40 and 8 _ 2 = 16, one can find 8 _ 7 as 8 _ (5 + 2) = (8 _ 5) + (8 _ 2) = 40 + 16 = 56. (Distributive property.)
3.OA.C.7
Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 _ 5 = 40, one knows 40 Ö 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.